Emilia Romagna art cities and castles

Emilia Romagna art cities

Emilia Romagna art cities provincial capitals. As well as for tourism and gastronomy, the region is famous for the many cities of art that follow one another along the route of the Via Emilia. Which, for more than two millennia, it is an important artery for goods and cultures. The Emilia Romagna art cities are small to medium-sized, with the exception of the capital (Bologna). As a result, they offer exceptional testimonies, of works of art and historic centers often intact since centuries.

The towns with medieval character

The richness of Emilia Romagna is, without doubt, the preeminence in the landscapes and cityscapes of its history. In fact, structures hundreds and thousands of years old have survived in great numbers. And this despite earthquakes and floods. As well as hurricanes, wars, and zealous redevelopers. From Roman times, the central squares of villages and towns were the hearts of government. Combining castle, town hall, church or temple and market square. Most of Emilia Romagna art cities and villages retain their medieval character.

The main road to move troops and merchandise

To consolidate the territory, Aemilius had a road built in 187 BC from Rimini on the Adriatic to Piacenza. In the detail, passing by most of the Emilia Romagna art cities. This straight road, Via Emilia, traveled the southern edge of the Po plain. Hence it allowed movements of troops and merchandise. At intervals, a fortified settlement known as a castrum defended the road.

The castrum

The castrum, built to Roman precision, had a central axis where we could find the square and forum. From here the decumanus maximum divided the road from north to south. Hence the cardo maximum from east to west. In addition, other roads were built parallel to these. Now, the sites where the forum stood, are in many instances the town center of Emilia Romagna art cities. As it is possible to see in Piacenza. Furthermore, the decumanus and cardo roads are often the main town roads.

Julius Caesar and the river Rubicon

Close to Rimini, one of the Emilia Romagna art cities, is the river Rubicon. It seems to be the site where Julius Caesar launched his legendary seizure of power. As a result, leading to the great era of the Roman Empire. Hence, with the Roman Empire, great monuments, temples, bridges, and amphitheaters were built. And Ravenna became home to the 250 ships of the Emperor Augustus’s Praetorian fleet.

The Romans and the Byzantines

The best of the Roman Empire structures left are in Rimini with its Tiberius Bridge. As well as the Augustus Arch and the Roman wall. Furthermore, Bologna has a Roman aqueduct in working order. And also the walls of the Roman theater in the historic center. Hence In the 5th century, Emperor Honorius switched the capital of the western empire to Ravenna. As a result, architecture works flourished in the seaport city. In fact, they built great temples, churches, palaces, and mausoleum. Today Ravenna is one of the most visited places as Emilia Romagna art cities. If fact, the town contains the best examples of Byzantine art and architecture in Italy.

Matilda di Canossa

Pope Gregory’s ally in the north was Matilda di Canossa. It seems that she made about 100 churches in Emilia Romagna. In order to emphasize the central role of Catholicism. Most of them are of the Romanesque style, being the work of Wiligelmo and his school of sculptors from Modena. As well as the architect Lanfranco. Modena is one of the most important Emilia Romagna art cities. Most of all, its Cathedral is the best example of Romanesque art in northern Italy. Other fine examples are the Parma Cathedral and Baptistery. Like also Piacenza Cathedral and Pomposa Abbay in Ferrara province.

The European center of learning

Amid the new enlightenment, in 1088 Bologna became home to the world’s oldest university. In fact, the town was the European center of learning. Most of all its initial purpose was to interpret the Roman law of the Codes of Justinian brought from Ravenna. As a result, the university attracted popes, kings and the likes of Thomas A Becket, Dante, Copernicus, and Boccaccio.

Emilia Romagna art cities

And now we report all the Emilia Romagna art cities that are the provincial capitals.

Reggio Emilia

Along the Via Emilia, founded by the Romans, in the early Middle Ages was a fief of the Marquises of Canossa. The Middle Ages sees continuous struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, with the advent of the Este family of Ferrara in 1289, that lasts until 1306. Throughout the century, follow each other popular governments and lordships including those of Gonzaga of Mantua.
In 1409, the town pass again to the Este family, following the fate of the capital of the Duchy from Ferrara to Modena until 1860.
In December 1796, delegates of Reggio Emilia with those of Bologna, Ferrara and Modena proclaim the Cispadane Republic. The emblem that they adopt, on January 7th 1797, is the tricolor of green, white and red, which becomes the flag of Italy.

Rimini

Rimini is famous worldwide for its beaches proposing a complete tourism, recreation and cultural services.
Founded by the Romans, it is enlarged and embellished by Octavian: of this period are the Arch of Augustus and the Roman bridge. After a period of instability, Rimini grows, around the Thousand, with the opening of a new river port, and the beginning of the episcopal and the municipality periods. The Malatesta family, from 1300 onwards, calls at the court Brunelleschi, Alberti and Piero della Francesca.
The Malatesta Temple is testimony of this family golden age.

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