The Roman Empire and the Venice origin
Roman empire, Venice origin day excursion. Hence during this tour, you will understand the birth of the Venetian lagoon with Venice. In fact, you will discover the imprint of the Roman Empire with the visit of an important archeologic museum. And as follow, you will have a ride with a typical boat (bragozzo) along the Venetian lagoon. Most of all, this is a slow ride along waterways that the first inhabitants of the lagoon of Venice used. In conclusion, a must if you want to understand the Venice origin from the Roman Empire. For sure one of the most beautiful towns in the world.
Altino and its Roman archeologic museum
Altino had a unique geographic position that made it an important trading center. Most of all, for people and goods that moved between the North of the Adriatic sea and its hinterland. In fact, between 49 and 42 BC the town was a Roman municipium. Hence from this moment, it became one of the main ports of the upper Adriatic sea.
Furthermore, two important Roman Empire roads met just here. In the detail, the Via Annia that connected Altino to the northeastern areas of Europe. As well as the Via Claudia Augusta to reach the North of the region. As a result, they crossed in the strategic center of Altinum, as part of this great complex of infrastructures.
Between the fifth and the seventh century AD, we have the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. The result is the invasion of the barbarians. An event that forced the inhabitants of Altino to leave the city. Hence, they seek refuge at the island of Torcello. Thus began the process that led to the establishment of Venice origin. As a result, today the Archeologic Museum of Altino displays a great collection of findings. For sure, all emerged from the excavations undertaken in the 120 hectares of the area. Without doubt, Venice origin is well linked with this area of the lagoon.
Torcello and Byzantium
Torcello is about 10 km from Venice and today is almost uninhabited. The inhabitants of Altino fleeing the Lombards in the seventh century found this island. First of all a Roman settlement, it was a thriving trade center until the fourteenth century. Hence this is the period in which began the long decline that results from the growing power of Venice. As well as the swamping of its lagoon, that degraded it to the place of supply of stones and building materials. Most of all for the construction of the shipyards of Venice.
The cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta
The cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta worth the visit. Founded in 639, they rebuilt it in Byzantine style at the beginning of the eleventh century. Worth a note, its interior has a basilica plan with three aisles with apses and the roof of wooden trusses. Furthermore, there is a mosaic decoration in the apsidal conch that dates back to the twelfth century. Where the hieratic image of the Virgin with the Blessing Child on a gold background dominates the theory of the Twelve Apostles. As a result, the similarity to the churches of Ravenna is evident.
In addition, we find another important mosaic decoration that dates back to the eleventh century. And it is in the chapel at the bottom of the right aisle. It is the Christ Pantocrator with the Four Doctors of the Church. As well as all the surface of the counterfacade that reminds the faithful the incumbency of the Last Judgement.
The adjacent church of Santa Fosca has a Greek cross plan and a portico that precedes it. Hence a wooden structure covers the center space. It is visible from the outside thanks to the cylindrical volume of the drum roof.
In the space overlooking the two sacred buildings are the remains of a circular baptistry of the seventh century. As well as the monolithic throne of Attila, the seat from which justice was administered. Furthermore, the Estuary Museum that preserves important archaeological finds of the Lagoon completes the whole monumental complex.
Ernest Hemingway and the island
It seems that Ernest Hemingway frequented the island of Torcello. And where, in November 1948, he composed the large part of the novel “Across the River and Into the Trees”.
Murano and Burano islands
We are in the northern part of the Lagoon of Venice. And here we find the 2 most important islands of this area: Murano and Burano.
Murano and the glass handicrafts
The prestige of Murano is due for the high quality of its glass making craft. It stands on a complex formed most of all of five islands. Which a channel called “Canal Grande” divides them into two main sections. The island is known to still host some prestigious glass industries. As well as to the picturesque variety of residential architecture. The first workshops of glassmakers have moved here in the 1291. After the decree of the Republic mainly for safety reasons.
From the furnaces of Murano came important creations such as the goblets and the vases. As well as elegant chandeliers. As a result, all the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie of Europe start to demand these masterpieces. In fact, they admired and sought after on this Venetian art from all over the world. First of all for the elegance of these creations, so delicate and perfect. There is also a museum of the Murano glass. It boasts a great collection of glasses, both antique and contemporary.
The cathedral of the Saints Mary and Donato
Furthermore, not far from the museum there is the cathedral of the Saints Mary and Donato. Worth a note, it stands out as one of the most striking examples of Venetian-Byzantine architecture of the Lagoon.
Burano island and the art of lace
While Burano is the island whose history links closely to the art of lace. Here you have the chance to savor a local atmosphere. First of all, affect the colorful houses that overlook the canals. In fact, they satisfy the gaze of the tourist and lead him, color after color, to discover this small town. Where the main street “Baldassarre Galuppi” imposes itself with its public buildings and the lace shops.
The main square also has the name of the famous musician of Burano. Hence here you can visit the Lace Museum. As well as the church of San Martino. Most of all, the lacemaking stood yet in the sixteenth century thanks to the support of the Dogaressa Morosina Morosini. And then, they rediscovered it in the late nineteenth century. Thanks to the Countess Adriana Marcello, who founded the Lace School of Burano. Today it houses the lace museum.
Furthermore, close to the museum, there is the main church of the sixteenth century. It houses one of the first masterpieces of Giambattista Tiepolo.
The day excursion
This is a slow ride day excursion with a guide. And it is made with a typical boat known as Bragozzo along the waterways of the north area of the lagoon. In conclusion, the perfect way to know the Venice origin!