Lords and Castles in the Middle Ages
As a result, this is a period of a great flowering of the social and culture life. Most of all in 1222 we have the foundation of the University of Padua. Almost in the same time, we have throughout the mainland a transformation. Hence of free communes into powerful lordships that were fighting each other for the land hegemony.
The domination of the signories
In fact from the 1230 to the 1260, we find the domination of the most representatives of the signories. And also the lords that have moved into the cities, they maintained possession of the countship from which their name derived. Hence the names like da Romano, da Camino, da Carrara and Este will be part of the Middle Ages of this region.
The lords like guarantors of the wellness
These were families with a longstanding military tradition and an aristocratic culture. For sure, this was at the base of a considerable charm in the eyes of the bourgeoisie. And also the heads of these important families were as guarantors of the order, the safety and the power of the town. As a result, these lords had the posts of Podestà (governor). As well as Capitanio del Popolo (Captain of the People), on which the new power structure was based.
The Scaligers of Verona
The first to emerge was the lordship of Romano d’Ezzelino. Who conquered part of the center and the north of the Veneto. Hence Treviso fell into the hands of the lords Da Camino. And in Verona, between 1260 and 1277, we find the lords Della Scala (also known
as the Scaligers). As a result, they established themselves as allies of the middle class of merchants and craftsmen. Hence against the more important citizens. in conclusion, Verona became the capital of a powerful state. Which at its peak crossed the Apennines, reaching up to Lucca.
The power of the signories was slow to come to Padua. That was a town with a large commercial center. And also with a prestigious university. In 1318, because of the threat of the Scaligers, Jacopo da Carrara was elected as Capitano Generale.
Hence now, let’s take a journey, a day excursion choosing also one of the following itineraries: